Normal delivery refers to delivery from the vagina without medical intervention.
Standard delivery refers to delivery from the vagina without medical intervention. Also known as vaginal delivery. Each delivery is unique and may vary from mother to mother. There are various stages of the normal delivery process or vaginal delivery, including:
Phase I: Early and active labour:
This stage begins when a normal contraction begins, and the cervix expands (expands) by up to 10 cm. Uterine contractions also cause the cervix to soften, shorten, and thin (erase), allowing the baby to move to the birth canal. This is the longest of the three phases. The subphases of this stage include:
During this labor, the cervix opens and thins. The mother may feel light and irregular contractions. When the cervix opens, the mother may notice a clear, pink, slightly bloody secretion from the vagina. This is probably a mucous plug that closes the opening in the cervix. The average duration of this stage varies from hours to days for new mothers. To promote comfort, mothers can perform these techniques:
- Go for a walk.
- Listen to relaxing music.
- Take a hot shower or bath.
- Try relaxation techniques.
- Change position.
At this stage, the cervix dilates 6-10 cm. The contraction becomes stronger and occurs more frequently. In addition, the following symptoms may occur:
- Leg cramps
- Increases backpressure.
- The feeling of breaking water
Labor pains last for more than 4-8 hours. At this stage, the cervix dilates about 1 cm per hour. To promote comfort, mothers can perform these techniques:
- Go for a walk
- Take a hot bath or shower.
- Breathing during contraction
- Change position
- Lightly massage between contractions.
The most painful stage is the transition stage, as the cervix expands up to about 10 cm. The contractions are intense and painful, lasting 2-3 minutes, each for 60-90 seconds.
Stage II: Baby Pressure and Subsequent Childbirth:
This stage begins as soon as the cervix is fully dilated. The duration of this stage can range from minutes to hours or more. The mother has to push with each contraction, which can lead to fatigue. This stage also has the following characteristics:
Severe pain around the vaginal opening when the baby comes out. The mother feels pressure and wants to move. The doctor makes an episiotomy (an incision to enlarge the opening of the vagina). I’m constantly pushing my mother to get rid of my baby. The baby’s head comes out first, then the shoulders, then the bottom. Cutting the umbilical cord is the last step after the baby cries for the first time in their full birth.
Stage III: Placental delivery:
After the child is born, the placenta is delivered in the final stage. It takes 5 to 30 minutes for the doctor to remove the placenta from the vaginal canal. Mothers continue to contract lightly, close to each other, and with less pain. Your doctor may ask you to take medication to stimulate uterine contractions and prevent bleeding. Doctors can also check if the placenta is intact and if there are any fragments left in the uterus causing the infection or bleeding.